Bill Text, Memoranda, Chapter Laws
New York Legislative Service, Inc. can deliver bill text of
all current session bills and many from past sessions. The Service is connected to the Legislative
Retrieval System (LRS), New York State's on-line data base, which has
text of all bills and related information.
A bill may be introduced as a Senate or Assembly bill or as
both. When identical bills are introduced in the Senate and
Assembly, they are called companion bills. If they are combined
as one bill, with both Senate and Assembly bill numbers printed
on the text, it is called a unified bill.
As part of its continuous collection of legislative history,
New York Legislative Service obtains all memoranda that are
Almost all bills have memoranda that are written by the
sponsor or sponsoring agency. There is an established format for
these memos. Subheadings include: the title, purpose/general idea
of the bill, summary of specific provisions, effects of present
law which would be altered, the justification, prior legislative
history of the bill, fiscal implications, and effective date.
Important memos are also written by various bar associations.
In addition, the Governor may write memoranda for bills that are part of his legislative
program, and Approval Memoranda or Veto Memoranda for notable legislation upon which he acts.
Each year, New York Legislative Service collects the memos
for each new Chapter Law and publishes them in a book called the New York State Legislative Annual. When
conducting historical research of New York State law, there is no
other reference book like it. The Annual is especially known for its extensive footnoting.
Once a bill passes both the Senate and Assembly, it is sent
to the Governor for signature. He may sign it into law or veto
it. After it is signed, it is given what is called a Chapter
Number. Each year the Chapters begin at number 1 and continue as
high as necessary. In an average year, there are about 700 new
The Chapter Law Service provided by
New York Legislative Service, Inc. sends you a stamped copy of
each Chapter Law soon after signature and release by the